The Gironde is rich in its heritage and the diversity of its landscapes, it is the largest Department of metropolitan France (10'725 km2).
The cities of the Gironde have preserved their architectural heritage: Bordeaux, Arcachon, Cadillac, Libourne, Pauillac, Soulac-sur-Mer, Saint-Emilion and Saint-Macaire. The medieval fortresses of the Citadel of Blaye and the castles of La Brède, Roquetaillade and Cazeneuve are remarkable.
The Gironde is crossed by the Dordogne and the Garonne which join to form the Gironde who joins the Atlantic Ocean. The estuary of the Gironde is the largest estuary in Europe and the dune of Pilat is the highest dune in Europe. Cordouan Lighthouse is the last lighthouse in sea open to the public
Bordeaux is a wine growing region where there are large farms that make the world renown of the wines of Bordeaux: Sauternes, Pomerol, Médoc, Saint-Emilion.