Images en cours de chargement
View of Monte Carlo from the East of Monaco|Photo Hampus CullinThe Palace of Monaco and Palace Square.|Photo Niels MickersThe District of Fontvieille|The casino of Monte-Carlo|The Oceanographic Museum of Monaco|Photo Nizza GuillaumeThe Oceanographic Museum of Monaco|Photo Nizza Guillaume

The Principality of Monaco

The Principality of Monaco makes you dream. City of luxury and beauty, it derives its profits primarily from tourism. Among the essentials of Monaco, the famous «Carré d'Or» district with the Monte-Carlo Casino, the Palace and the Oceanographic Museum.

Monaco is a city-State, it is the second smallest independent State in the world after the Vatican. The city hosts major events of international scope: Grand Prix of formula 1, rally Automobile Monte - Carlo, the international Festival of circus and the international competition of fireworks in Monte Carlo.

Brief summary of history

The Grimaldi are the cornerstone of the stronghold that is nowadays the Palais Princier in Monaco. Disguised as a Franciscan monk, François Grimaldi enters in 1297 the stronghold of Monaco. The King of France Charles VIII and the Duke of Savoy recognize the sovereignty of Monaco in 1489. Antoine Ier accedes to the throne. In 1701 he undertook important work of fortifications to guard against any risk of invasion of the Duke of Savoy Monaco. In 1861 the Principality lost 80% of its territory, but its independence is finally recognized.

In Monaco

  • Monte-Carlo, the district is famous for its casino. On the Golden Square, are also the famous Café de Paris, hotel de Paris and the winter Sporting.
  • Hercule Harbour, today Boater, was used by Jules Caesar to prepare his fleet against the Celts. It is the starting point of the rally of Monte Carlo.
  • The Notre-Dame Cathedral is built in white stone in 1875. This Byzantine Romanesque style building houses the graves of the deceased Princes.
  • The exotic garden and the Observatory caves together in a prestigious setting a variety of so-called "Succulents.


  • The Museum of prehistoric anthropology is rich of an invaluable series of burials from the vicinity of the Principality. This museum traces the milestones in the history of humanity.
  • The Museum of the chapel of the Visitation welcomes in a baroque of the 17th century of the masterpieces of sacred art signed Rubens, Zurbaran, Ribera and masters of Italian Baroque.
  • The stamps and coins Museum contains some rare philatelic items of postal history of the Principality.
  • The Naval Museum displays more than 250 marine objects and models of famous ships including several pieces from the private collection of the Prince Rainier III of Monaco.
  • The Museum of the National Committee of Monegasque Traditions presents works and monegasque heritage objects that tell the story of the country and its traditions.
  • The Museum of Napoleonic souvenirs is installed in the southern wing of the Palace. It contains a rich collection of objects and documents, engravings, medals, decorations, paintings and precious parts.

The Oceanographic Museum of Monaco

The Oceanographic Museum of Monaco is one of the most impressive buildings of the rock. At Cliffside, it goes up to the sea 85 meters lower. The Museum consists of 90 basins and its collection is rich of 350 species of fish with 6'000 specimens. Coral Reef in the Red Sea, never acclimated until then, is magnificent.
Oceanographic Museum of Monaco Avenue Saint-Martin, 98000 Monaco - Tel 33 (0) 3 77 93 15 36 00.

The Palace of Monaco

The Monaco Palace is the official residence of the Prince of Monaco since 1297. It is located at the top of the rock of Monaco. You can visit "Apartments" of the 17th century, including the Gallery of Hercules, the Italian, the Louis XV salon, the salon Mazarin, the throne room (where official receptions are held) and the Palatine Chapel. The furniture is admirable with several portraits, signed Van Loo and Rigaud. The cour d'honneur and staircase from the 17th century, and lavish frescoes by Genoese artists of the 16th century are worth the visit.

The routes passing through this place

Useful information :

Address :
98000 Monte-Carlo

Good to know :
Tourist Office of Monaco 2 Boulevard des Moulins 98000 Monaco Tel 33 (0) 3 77 92 16 61 16

Free of charge.

Where to stay:

All accommodation