Bordeaux

Images en cours de chargement
The stock exchange square|Porte Cailhau|Saint-André Cathedral|Photo Thierry OllivierThe large Bell of Bordeaux|The victory square |The Quays of Bordeaux|Photo Olivier Aumage

Bordeaux, the Unesco World Heritage

With one of the largest conservation areas of France, world heritage of Unesco, the city of Bordeaux has been transformed with urban amenities. Big city history and trading, Bordeaux boasts both a remarkable architectural heritage and clean shopping cities usability.

Its recent urban development make it a city where life is good, where gastronomy, culture and shopping are celebrated and, near the most prestigious vineyards of fine wines of the world.

Brief summary of history

The repeated invasions of the 3rd century are likely to bring those who were known as the Bordeaux to take refuge inside a bulwark which will delineate the city until the 13th century.

In 1152, Eleanor, heiress of the Duke William of Aquitaine brings in dowry in her marriage with Henri Plantagenêt, many areas, including the Duchy of Guyenne and Bordeaux. By inheritance, Henri became King of England, ushering in three centuries of English period in Aquitaine. Henri and Eleanor are at the head of a vast territory that imbalance the Capetians and raises the hundred years war) between French and English. This situation promotes wine expansion in the direction of Northern Europe. The city of Bordeaux grows and its trade prospers.

Louis XIV made destroy an entire neighborhood of Bordeaux to raise a fortress at the Vauban in order to control the northern part of the city. In the 18th century, Bordeaux will live its 'golden age' based on the continuity of the wine trade and the birth of the triangular trade to Africa and the Caribbean. The prosperity of the first port of France determines an ambitious policy of urban expansion. The walls are destroyed and the medieval city is transformed into a modern city.

The French Revolution saw the creation of the party of the Girondists, Vergniaud-led. The Girondins advocated a Federal Republic and opposed to the Jacobins. During the first Empire, the blockade decreed by Napoleon began the decline of the commercial activity until the Second Empire sees an improvement in the economic situation of the region. The city of Bordeaux has undergone incredible changes over these past 15 years.

Discover Bordeaux

The city of Bordeaux is listed on the list of world heritage of UNESCO. It is distinguished by its exceptional 1700s architecture that earned him 200 years ago already the nickname of "little Paris". Drawn by the centuries, it alternates facades and sumptuous buildings, stalls at the charming small gardens and bourgeois chartreuses. Courses, lined with trees, are created on the site of the ramparts and grandiose sets along the docks.

  • Instead of the stock exchange, Tourny walkways and chatrons, real trading wine HQ.
  • Esplanade des Quinconces, the largest place of Europe in the city center.
  • The facades of the docks, her walk, River walks and its taverns.
  • The Grand Theatre, the palais Rohan and the palais de Bourse, masterpieces of 18th century.
  • Places of old Bordeaux, its shops of artisans and its vast terraces of cafes.
  • The Triangle Bordeaux, its market of the four seasons, his palace, its opera and its luxury shops.
  • Rue Sainte-Catherine and its large signs and its outdoor cafes.
  • The District of Chartrons, former district of dealers, antique shops, its second-hand dealers and artists.
  • District Saint-Michel, its flea markets and its flea market.

Religious heritage

The Saint-André Gothic-style Cathedral is listed on the list of world heritage of UNESCO. This majestic Church has a Royal gate, famous for its Gothic sculptures and indoors, a beautiful ship with a Gothic choir and of beautiful orgues Renaissance.

Flamboyant Gothic Saint-Michel and Saint-Seurin Basilica are also listed on the list of world heritage of UNESCO.

Museums in Bordeaux

  • The Museum of the fine arts of Bordeaux is one of the oldest museums in France, which explains the extent and diversity of its collections, including for the 19th and 20th centuries. There are particularly remarkable paintings by Rubens, Veronese, Titian, Van Dyck, Corot, Gérôme, Matisse, Dufy and Picasso.
  • The Aquitaine museum retraces the life of the aquitanian man from prehistory to nowadays. The section devoted to the 18th century, the golden age of Bordeaux, is particularly interesting. Are presented also relations that Bordeaux had with the colonies and overseas.
  • The decorative arts museum houses rich collections of decorative arts french, and most especially Bordeaux, from the 18th and 19th, as well as the collections of paintings, engravings, miniatures, sculptures, furnitures, ceramics, glassware and silverware.
  • The Museum of Contemporary Art in Bordeaux deploys a collection at the end of the 1960s to current generations, bringing together more than a thousand works and 140 artists.
  • National Museum of Customs is located within one of the magnificent pavilions from the square of the stock exchange, it traces the Customs history and illustrates the missions of the brigades and offices.
  • Wine and wine merchants of Bordeaux Museum presents a collection of unique artifacts, from multiple testimonies of the past and the present with number of documents and information panels depicting the Bordeaux wine trade.

The vineyards of Bordeaux

Near Bordeaux, a major Vineyard produces many wines, including some of the most prestigious of the world, collectively referred to as the wines of Bordeaux or simply Bordeaux. The Bordeaux vineyard is divided into five regions: Entre Deux Mers, Libourne, Blayais-Bourgeais, the Graves and Médoc. The most famous terroirs are those of Pauillac, Saint-Estèphe, Sauternes, Saint-Emilion and Pomerol.

The golf courses around Bordeaux

There are 13 golf courses within 90 minutes from Bordeaux:

In the basin of Arcachon, are three beautiful courses. Lanton «Les sleeve Vertes' (9 holes), Golf de Biscarrosse (27 holes) and the Golf de Gujan Mestras (27 holes).

The region of Medoc: the Golf de Lacanau (18 holes) which is 2 km away. the ocean, the Golf de Margaux (18 holes) that runs along the Gironde and the Golf du Medoc (36 holes).

The surroundings of Bordeaux with the Golf de Pessac (27 holes), Golf de Bordeaux Lac (36 holes) and the golf course of Cameyrac (18 holes), all located within 20 km of Bordeaux.

The region of Saint-Émilion and Dordogne has a more hilly landscape and here we find the Golf de Teynac (18 holes) and the golf course of Chateau des Vigiers (27 holes).

Useful information :

Address :
33000 Bordeaux

Good to know :
Tourism Office of Bordeaux 12 courses of 30 July, 33000 Bordeaux + 33 (0) 5 56 00 66 00

Free of charge.

Where to stay:

All accommodation

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